Constitution: definition, nature and concepts Constitution is defined by Cooley as: a. a body of statutory, administrative and political provisions by which the three branches of government are defined; b. a body of rules and maxims in accordance with which the powers of sovereignty are habitually exercised; and independence of the nation and free the people from poverty through [11] However, the Katipunan were not recognized by other countries as the legitimate government of the Philippines. A later meeting of the revolutionary government established there, held on November 1, 1897 at Biak-na-Bato in the town of San Miguel de Mayumo in Bulacan, established the Republic of Biak-… OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION. The State recognizes The Armed Forces of the This rebel government had a constitution, popularly called the constitution of Makabulos, which provided for an executive committee composed of a President, Vice President and Secretary of the Interior. (Philippine Passport Act of 1996) Under Republic Act No. google_ad_width = 728; This article covers sovereignty transitions relating to the Philippines, with particular emphasis on the passing of sovereignty from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris (1898), signed on December 10, 1898 to end the Spanish–American War. This article presents a timeline of the sovereignty of the Republic of the Philippines, showing transitions of sovereignty over the Philippine archipelago. The Political Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy (Spanish: Constitución Política de la Monarquía Española), also known as the Constitution of Cádiz (Spanish: Constitución de Cádiz) and as La Pepa, was the first Constitution of Spain and one of the earliest constitutions in world history. the vital role of communication and information in nation-building.cralaw, Section 25. Philippines – under the Constitution, is defined as a democratic and republican State 5. The Island of Palmas Case was a case involving a territorial dispute between the Netherlands and the United States which was heard by the Permanent Court of Arbitration. He issued decrees on June 24 and August 10 establishing the Hongkong Junta whose members were to represent the Philippines in different countries. Aguinaldo's government effectively ceased to exist on April 1, 1901, when he pledged allegiance to the United States after being captured by U.S. forces in March of that year. Initially, Rios relocated the Spanish capital to Zamboanga, but on January 1 or 2, 1899, he relocated it again, this time back to Manila, where he could more effectively seek the release of Spanish POWs. XV    The Family Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.” The sovereign people assert their sovereignty in two distinct processes. Japan fully captured the Philippines on May 6, 1942, after the Battle of Corregidor. [17], On June 23, Aguinaldo issued a decree replacing the Dictatorial Government with a Revolutionary Government. The separation Agrees with President Duterte that 2016 Hague ruling is “unenforceable” (Eagle News) – Senator Panfilo Lacson said that he agreed with President Rodrigo Duterte’s view that the Philippines exercises sovereign rights and not sovereignty over areas within the country’s exclusive economic zone. "Spain cedes to the United States the archipelago known as the Philippine Islands, and comprehending the islands lying within the following line: ..." (precise geographic description elided). The Constitution was submitted to the President of the United States for certification on March 25, 1935. encourage [56] " On August 4, 1964, Republic Act No. Tracing the national territory provisions of the 1935 Constitution, the "Philippine archipelago' also covers: a. At least two cases decided by the Philippine Supreme Court contain statements by the court concerning the exchange of sovereignty between Spain and the United States. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land and will affect each … King Philip died on September 13, just forty days after the publication of the decree, but his death was not known in the Philippines until middle of 1599, by which time a referendum by which the natives would acknowledge Spanish rule was underway. UNCLOS provides for a 200 nautical mile "exclusive economic zone" and "continental shelf" which effectively places Scarborough within Philippine sovereignty or jurisdiction. promote social justice in all phases of national development.cralaw, Section 11. For over a score of years the Ithas become a common feature of modern constitutions in commonwealth countries and the United States of America. 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