Brinjal is also known as aubergine or eggplant in some places. At the time, the eggplant was more white and yellow than today's purple-skinned fruit, leading to an even closer comparison of the eggplant to an egg. Almost all native speakers of American English understand what an eggplant is. to choose from. Control Measures: Crop rotation with ladies finger (okra), tomato, and the potato should be prevented. Eggplants from Japan are known for their thin skin and few seeds. Development of Core Set 7. Brinjal or eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important solanaceous crop of sub-tropics and tropics. By Katherine Sack s. August 13, 2015. Before sowing the seeds should be dipped in a solution of Streptocycline (1 gram/ 40 liters of water) for 30 to 35 minutes. Aubergine is the British name for brinjal and in United States, Australia and Canada, it is known by the name eggplant, because fruits of the earlier cultivars resembled eggs of goose or hen. Seed treatment with Thiram (two grams/kg seed) protects the seedling at the nursery phase. The topsoil 2 of nursery should be treated with Thiram @ 5 grams/m area of the dirt and toddlers should be drenched with the identical chemical @ 2 grams/liter of water in a fortnightly interval. Soil solarization by dispersing 250 gauge polythene sheet above the bed for 30 days before sowing and application of bio-control representative Trichoderma viride in soil @ 1.2 kg/ha is also found successful to control damping-off to some substantial extent. Indian Eggplant – Light purple, round and tender, Indian eggplants, also known as baby eggplants, have a velvety interior and are perfect for soups, stews, and dips.. Rosa Bianca Eggplant – Heirloom variety Rosa Bianca eggplants are quick to catch the eye, Their bright purple to pink and white exteriors are plump and round. Eggplants are such delicious things. Brinjal Varieties and Diseases Information. • The National Center on Plant Biotechnology (NRCPB) has developed Bt brinjal varieties expressing the cryFa1 gene. These variety fruits are oval-round, small-sized (about 70 to 80 grams), dark purple, appealing fruits. The name “eggplant” in the USA and Canada is derived from the egg-like shape of the fruit of some varieties. Skin of infected fruit turns brown and develops white cottony growth. Grows about one meter tall. The affected fruits eventually drop off. Varieties Brinjal has three main varieties, viz., the round or egg-shaped, the long and the dwarf. It can also aid in weight loss due to its high water content and low-calorie count. Brinjal varieties are classified on the basis of their shape, size, and color. 1 Its fruit is high in nutrition and commonly consumed as a vegetable.The fruit and other parts of the plant are used in traditional medicine. Also Known As Eggplant, Aubergine, Baingan, Vaangi, ringan, Vankaya, bintak, Bhanta What is brinjal, baingan? 6 Eggplant Varieties to Try. The best known African eggplants are the miniature pumpkin-shaped so called "African scarlet eggplant" and the Brazilian Jiló. Little Leaf of Brinjal: This is a severe viral disease of brinjal cultivation. These eggplants are very bitter and very small. ‘Ichiban’ produces slim, purplish-black, 10-inch-long fruits on purple stems. They hang from vines and some varieties actually look egg shaped- which is why the name "Eggplants". Listada de Gandia. The common name is widely used everywhere. This brinjal crop is ready for picking in 145 to 150 days. Midseason purple long Asian type eggplant. The crop is ready for harvesting in approximately 75 to 80 days after transplanting. Here are a few of the most popular Indian eggplant cultivars: Black Chu Chu hybrid, which produces small rounded fruits, is one of the newer Indian eggplant varieties. Fruits of this cultivar are oblong and stocky than slender with attractive dark purple color. Leaf spot: The disease symptoms are characterized by a chlorotic lesion, angular to irregular in form, later turning greyish-brown. The Modi government has approved the field trials of indigenous Bt brinjal varieties ‘Janak’ and ‘BSS-793’. It is derived from the Latin word sol , meaning “sun”, which reffers to its status as the sun plant. It’s an early maturing and long fruited type sort. Eggplant is the common name in North American and Australian English but in British English it is aubergine. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. The stains are largely intermittent and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Eggplant is a highly diverse crop widely cultivated around the globe. Eggplants grow best in the garden when the soil temperature and daytime air temperature is at least 70°F and the night temperature is greater than 60°F. Fruits under this variety are small, dark purple in color and borne in clusters. References:- • Choudhary, B & Gaur, K. 2008. The wilting is characterized by slow, sometimes sudden, yellowing, withering and drying of the whole plant or a number of its branches. • The National Center on Plant Biotechnology (NRCPB) has developed Bt brinjal varieties expressing the cryFa1 gene. Control Measures: Adopting sanitary measures including the eradication of vulnerable volunteer crop plants out of a previous planting can lessen the damage. The brinjal is sold as seedlings in these States rather than seeds. This variety has to spread plant dependency with green stem and green leaves. The important symptoms of this disease are mosaic mottling of the leaves and stunting of plants. Hence, scientific name of Eggplant is used worldwide. Some are striped and round, others white and short, looking like a chicken egg, thus its most famous name. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. The fruit is dark purple to black and some varieties are white hence the name … He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. This variety is resistant to small leaf disease under normal conditions. The name "eggplant" was given to the fruit by Europeans sometime in the mid-18th century. Soft texture with good cooking quality. Gardeners can choose from several kinds of Indian eggplants. The average return is 40 tonnes/ha. Brinjal harvest is ready for first choosing within two months after transplanting in the field. As different varieties of brinjal will need a different size of containers, large varieties will require larger pots to grow. And in the U.S., they are, of course, called eggplant and sometimes aubergines. Bacterial Wilt: Bacterial wilt disease causes a serious problem in brinjal growing. Eggplant is tolerant to drought. This variety includes a stunt and dispersing type of growth habit. Djakhattou = French rendering of Western African name for African eggplant (Solanaceous aethiopicum L. (Kumba Group)) Diakatu = Solanum incanum L. Enjagi (Uganda) = Bitter berries ((Solanaceous aethiopicum L. (Gilo Group)) The leaves of the infected plants in the early stages are light yellow in color. The symptoms first appear as small water-soaked lesions on the fruit, which later enlarges in size substantially. Eggplant Varieties: Grow an eggplant variety suited to the number of days in your region that can match the soil and air temperatures eggplants demand. This cultivar is a top yielding type with bacterial wilt resistance. Varieties Brinjal has three main varieties, viz., the round or egg-shaped, the long and the dwarf. The other known names are melongen, garden egg, and guinea squash. The characteristic symptoms of this disease are wilting of the foliage followed by a collapse of the whole plant. 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