Muslims, many with no connection to the rebels, have been targeted in reprisals by anti-balaka and civilians. The term gained currency by around 2010, when it was applied to self-defense units set up - in the absence of effective state security forces - to protect communities from attacks by highway bandits or cattle raiders. President Barack Obama signed an Executive Order stating that dangers posed by the instability in the CAR constitute a threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States and declared a national emergency to deal with the threat. According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), “the anti-balaka militias are increasingly organized and using language that suggests their intent is to eliminate Muslim residents from the Central African Republic." REUTERS/Siegfried Modola Two Central African Republic anti-Balaka militia groups said they were withdrawing from a disarmament programme following the arrest of one of their leaders. On 9 February 2021 the ICC will begin the trial of two former anti-balaka leaders, Alfred Yekatom and Patrice-Edouard Ngaïssona, for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The movement has its roots in self-defense militias that have been around, primarily in the west, since the 1990s. Trois leaders Anti-balaka ont été arrêtés, mercredi, par Sangaris à Bangui, a appris Anadolu, jeudi, auprès du mouvement politico-militaire à majorité chrétienne. Read More » On 14 January 2014, a few days after post-coup president Michel Djotodia stepped down, hundreds of men, many of whom had fought as anti-balaka, showed up for duty at FACA headquarters. Some sources say it is also alludes to the French for bullets of an automatic rifle (“balle AK”). Finally, the favoritism in regards to an Anti-Balaka leader could very quickly stir up rivalries between groups that consider themselves neglected by the powers in Bangui. Et la tension monte d’autant plus autour du « cas » de ce neveu de François Bozizé que l’échéance de la présidentielle approche. [réf. var script = document.createElement("script"); script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); Clashes in December 2013 between anti-balaka and the ex-Seleka led to reprisal attacks in which about 1,000 people died in Bangui alone. Ngaissona and Yekatom are the highest ranking anti-balaka leaders to face trial for crimes committed during the country’s most recent conflict. [4], Djotodia announced the dissolution of the Séléka in September 2013,[11] but most of the militias refused to disband. The presidential guard, the FACA, and the Young Patriots killed individuals they believed to be Seleka supporters. Christian anti-balaka militants on Tuesday attacked the United Nations base in Tagbara, about 300 km northeast of the capital of the Central Africa Republic, killing one peacekeeper and wounding 11, the UN said in a . Central African Republic's Former Leader to Run for President. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Eugène Barret Ngaïkosset: Anti-Balaka leader nicknamed 'butcher of Paoua' One of many suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity, Ngaïkosset is still "roaming free" in CAR. When they began carrying out armed operations, the targets of their attacks were mainly Muslim civilians and Seleka. L'avion, en provenance de Kinshasa, a atterri, jeudi matin, à Bangui. He mediated the ongoing conflict between the Christian Anti-Balaka and mostly Muslim Seleka groups in the country. The balance of power between Djotodia and other Seleka figures — such as strongman Noureddine Adam, who had served as Security Minister — was uncertain, and factional violence is possible as the fractious coalition comes under new pressures. [réf. [4], In March 2013, President Bozizé (a Christian) was overthrown by a coup during the Central African Republic Civil War by a mostly Muslim rebel coalition known as Séléka. Seleka members continued to engage in conflict with armed militia groups throughout the country, including with a group called the Young Patriots established in the final days of the Bozize regime to counter the Seleka and their supporters. Anti-balaka leaders said Ngaibona’s arrest threatened reconcilation efforts, as they say they have transformed their movement into a political party. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); After decades of strife instability, CAR plunged into a security, political and humanitarian crisis in March 2013 when the Seleka, a coalition of mainly Muslim armed groups, overthrew President Bozizé. US sanctions against militia leaders 'sends strong message to armed groups in CAR' US imposed sanctions on ex-Séléka leader Abdoulaye Hissène and Maxime Mokom, anti-Balaka … April 4, 2018 Geraldine Boechat. The anti-balaka were largely responsible for driving the ex-Seleka from many of their bases in western CAR. Their leaders say the anti-balaka number in the tens of thousands. Maxime Mokom Rien ne va plus entre l’ancien leader anti-Balaka Maxime Mokom, devenu ministre du Désarmement, et le Premier ministre Firmin Ngrebada. Hissene and Mokom were specifically identified as suspects in the failed coup by the CAR Public Prosecutor’s office. Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona and Alfred Yekatom are accused of involvement in the crimes in their roles as senior leaders in the anti-Balaka militia as the country descended into war in 2013 to 2014. Though "anti-balaka" is often translated as "antimachete", its origin is explained: [It is] from the language of the young illiterates, who formed Seleka's armed opposition, and who chased the Muslim 'anti-balles à ti laka' (anti ti laka bullets). Anti-balaka spokesmen have called for members to be integrated into the army “with appropriate rank” or given demobilization packages. Bozize supporters committed extrajudicial killings for bullets of an automatic rifle ( “balle AK” ) [... ’ information a été confirmée au RJDH par certains éléments des anti-balaka de Bambari ont quitté hier jeudi Février... From many of their bases in western CAR some sources say it also... 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