September 29, 2020. 3R in March 2020 announced its withdrawal from the Feb 2019 Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation (PAPR) that officially ended the civil war in the Central African Republic. SUBSCRIBE TO UNLOCK THIS CONTENTYou are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. Communities accused of supporting anti-Balaka activities are targeted. Souleman leads the Central African Republic (CAR)-based militia group Retour, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) which has killed, tortured, raped, and displaced civilians and engaged in arms trafficking, illegal taxation activities, and warfare with other militias since its creation in 2015. The Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation (3R) rebel movement in the Central African Republic continues to block the electoral registration process in the Ngaoundaye council area situated in the Ouham-Pende district with four weeks remaining to bring the window to a close. He threw me on the ground and [one of the rebels] raped me. The conflict initially pitted Séléka rebel forces against an array of domestic and foreign intervening Copyright © 2020 TRAC - All rights reserved. Signup for our mailing list to receive a free incident report from TRAC. "The Central African Republic is on the international agenda, but its neglected northwest territory now presents an emerging crisis," said Lewis Mudge, Africa researcher at HRW. Another MINUSCA operation, launched in the north-west during June with the Central African armed forces, sought to halt violence perpetrated by the Retour, Réclamation, Réhabilitation (3R) armed group, which had suspended its participation in the peace agreement. The Central African Republic has been in crisis since late 2012, when mostly Muslim Seleka rebels began a military campaign against the government of former President François Bozizé. The leader of rebels in Central African Republic pledged to name a power-sharing government in a bid to defuse international criticism of a coup … Central African Republic: Minusca operation against the armed group 3R - RFI 2019-09-27T21:07:28.385Z The Minusca is conducting an operation in the northwest of the country began Thursday against one of the signatory parties to the peace agreement, the 3Rs. Multiple users within govermental/military, corporate, and media, as well as colleges and universities, receive pro-rated subscription discounts based on the number of users. You are currently only seeing 1% of the 10,000-plus pieces of expert insights and analyses available with a TRAC subscription. The group announced itself at the end of 2015, and since then has been involved in attacks on UN peacekeepers and communities, primarily in the north west region of the Central African Republic (CAR). HRW adds that United Nations peacekeepers of the MINUSCA mission, which has 12,870 soldiers in the country, including about 100 combat-ready soldiers in Bocaranga and 100 in De Gaulle, are unable fully to protect civilians. Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) - Central African Republic (CAR), also known as 3R is an active group formed c. 2015. According to Human Rights Watch the rebel group succeeded in gaining some control of areas that borders Cameroon, has committed large-scale atrocities and attacks resulting in displacing 17 000 people. One of the rebel group's alleged victims, 30-year-old "Blandine", who lives in De Gaulle, told her story. The briefers are likely to take stock of the political and security situations in the Central African Republic (CAR), especially in the context of upcoming elections. Between 21 and 27 November, the campaign group said at least 50 civilians were killed in the Bocaranga and Koui sub-prefectures in Ouham Pendé province. If you choose to subscribe at the end of the trial, the trial cost will be deducted from the price of your subscription. People monitoring sexual violence in the area, who did not want to be identified due to security concerns, said they received reports of rapes of 23 women and girls by 3R fighters during and after the De Gaulle attack. Groups and individuals included in TRAC's database range from actual perpetrators of social or political violence to more passive groups that support or condone (perhaps unwittingly) such violence. MINUSCA forces, who were patrolling in the city at the time of the The group announced itself at the end of 2015, and since then has been involved in attacks on UN peacekeepers and communities, primarily in the north west region of the Central African Republic (CAR). TRAC is a unique, comprehensive resource for the study of political violence of all kinds. Many are still missing. on December 20, 2016, ongoing violence in the centre of the CAR, United Nations peacekeepers of the MINUSCA mission. The UN mission in Central African Republic blames deadly attack on the 3R armed group and its leader Abass Sidiki. The Central African Republic conflict is an ongoing civil war in the Central African Republic (CAR) involving the government, rebels from the Séléka coalition, and anti-balaka militias. The first round of presidential elections is scheduled for 27 December, as are legislative and local elections, with a possible second round of presidential elections in February 2021. The Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) is a rebel group claiming to protect the Peuhl community from attacks by Anti-Balaka militia. The armed group currently controls a sub-prefecture on the Cameroonian border and HRW is concerned that the group may seek to increase its hold on territory. YOU MUST HAVE A SUBSCRIPTION TO ACCESS THE REST OF THIS CONTENT. A key militia in the Central African Republic has said it is suspending its participation in a peace agreement signed by the government and rebel groups last … Less than six months later, however, 3R members were allegedly committing attacks on villages in the Koui sub-prefecture in retaliation for anti-balaka activity. Recalling how 3R fighters broke into her home, the young woman explained: One said, 'Where is your husband?' "The 3R armed group, which originally portrayed itself as a protector of the Peul people, has used its increased strength to expand abusive attacks.". The FDPC and 3R are both signatories to the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation (APPR) that officially ended the civil war in the Central African Republic on February 6, 2019. Following negotiations in Addis Ababa in March, Sidiki Abass (also known as Bi Sidi Souleymane), leader of Retour Réconciliation Réhabilitation … The anti-balaka, under the command of their own self-proclaimed general, Abbas Rafal, have been accused of killing Peul civilians and fighters in the region. The rebel group is led by a self-proclaimed general, Sidiki Abass. Witnesses described how 3R rebels shot and killed civilians, raped women and girls, and pillaged and burned villages. The Return, Reclamation, Rehabilitation (3R) is a rebel group claiming to protect the Peuhl community from attacks by Anti-Balaka militia. [25] In the preceding Central African Republic Bush War (2004–2007), the government of President François Bozizé fought with rebels until a peace agreement in 2007. 0. 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